Evan's Space

Wonders of Physics


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Man Jumps Vertically Upwards, Pressure On Ground Is Greater During The Jump

This concept is similar to a 2016 O-Level Pure Physics Question P2 Q2, on why the pressure acting on the ground is greater during the jump, compared to when he is standing stationary on the ground.

During the jump, his leg will exert an upward force. This upward force (equivalent to normal force or force on the man by the ground) is greater than the weight of the man. Hence there is a net (resultant force) upwards, causing him to accelerate upwards.

That force on the man by the ground is equal and opposite to the force on the ground by the man. This is an action-reaction pair. Since the force exerted on the ground by the man is greater (greater than weight), the pressure exerted on the floor is greater.

(NOTE: Normal force and Weight is not an action-reaction pair)


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Marshmallow Hulk in Vacuum Jar

When the pump is switched on and the air in the jar is gradually removed, the pressure in the jar decreases. There will be fewer air molecules per unit volume in the far. Hence rate of collision of the air molecules with one another and with the wall and hulk will be reduced. As pressure P = F/A, the force acting per unit area decreases, the pressure decreases.

In the marshmallow, there are pockets of air at normal atmospheric pressure initially. As the pressure in the jar decreases, the pockets of air in the marshmallow expands due to this pressure difference. Hence the hulk expands and its volume increases.


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When to use the concept PV = constant and P1V1 = P2V2 to solve?

When temperature is constant (for o-level), when a fixed mass of gas (fixed number of air molecules) is compressed in a closed system (e.g. piston), the volume V decreases and pressure P increases, and vice versa.

But when you multiply pressure and volume, PV, it is always a constant.

PV = constant

Hence we can always equate the PV of the first scenario = to the PV of the second scenario, provided there is no addition or removal of air molecules from the system.

Hence, you have P1V1 = P2V2

The followings are 4 different questions which require this concept to solve. Do revise them.

Solutions: Option D (refer to the worked solutions below)

Solutions: Option D

Solutions: A

4)

Solutions:

 

5) img_0196

Solution: Option C

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