Evan's Space

Wonders of Physics


Liquid Pressure Summary Part 2

Pressure P1Pressure P2Pressure P3Pressure P4


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When to use the concept PV = constant and P1V1 = P2V2 to solve?

When temperature is constant (for o-level), when a fixed mass of gas (fixed number of air molecules) is compressed in a closed system (e.g. piston), the volume V decreases and pressure P increases, and vice versa.

But when you multiply pressure and volume, PV, it is always a constant.

PV = constant

Hence we can always equate the PV of the first scenario = to the PV of the second scenario, provided there is no addition or removal of air molecules from the system.

Hence, you have P1V1 = P2V2

The followings are 4 different questions which require this concept to solve. Do revise them.

Solutions: Option D (refer to the worked solutions below)

Solutions: Option D

Solutions: A




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Solution: Option C


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Manometer – mercury levels difference changes with different density of liquid used

The pressure of a gas is measured using a manometer as shown in the diagram.


The mercury in the manometer is replaced with a liquid which is less dense. How does the value of h change?

A It becomes zero.

B It decreases, but not to zero.

C It stays the same.

D It increases.

Solutions: Option D

The pressure to be measured remains constant. Since P = pgh, where p is the density of the liquid used in the manometer. If a liquid of lower density is used, height h of the liquid (level difference) will be greater. The gravitational field strength g remains constant.