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Ticker Tape Timer

Ticker tape timer is a device which punches dots on a tape at specific time interval. The tape can be attached to a moving object. With information of the frequency of the ticker timer and the spacing of the dots, we are able to analyse the motion of the moving object.

View the following videos to understand more about the ticker tape timer and also some typical questions on ticker tape timer.

Explanation of Ticker Tape Timer

Questions on ticker tape timer

Refer to this post for another example of finding acceleration

https://evantoh23.wordpress.com/2010/10/26/20101026ticker-tape-timer-finding-acceleration/


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Ticker-Tape Timer

If the ticker-tape timer has a frequency of 50 Hz, it means it punches 50 holes in 1 second.

Hence the time interval to punch 1 hole is 1/50 = 0.02s. Alternatively, you can use the formula Period, T = 1/f = 1/50 = 0.02 s.

Related posts on ticker tape timer
Finding acceleration from ticker-tape timer

Ticker-tape timer vs oil dropping on the road at regular intervals

 


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Ticker-tape Timer – Finding acceleration

Click here to learn the basics of a ticker tape timer.
The diagram shows a strip of paper tape that has been pulled under a vibrating arm by a car moving to the left. The arm is vibrating regularly, making 50 dots per second.  What was the acceleration of the car?

ticker tape

Solutions: View the video tutorial to understand where to take time interval.

The arm vibrating 50 dots per second = frequency of 50 Hz   (50 holes are produced in 1 second)

Hence, the period, T = 1/f = 1 / 50 = 0.02s     (every 0.02s, a hole is created on the tape)

To find acceleration, a, we need to find initial velocity, u,and the final velocity, v.

u = dist / time = 0.02m/0.02s = 1 m/s

v = dist / time = 0.04m/0.02s = 2 m/s

To find acceleration, we can use a = (v-u)/t , but the time, t, taken for the increase in velocity is where most students will make a mistake.

Many will take 7 intervals to calculate the t, which is wrong.

But the intervals should be 6, starting from the middle of first interval and middle of last interval.
This will give a more accurate acceleration.

Hence, t = 6 x 0.02s = 0.12s a = (v-u)/t = (2-1)/0.12 = 8.33 m/s2


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Kinematics – Ticker Tape Timer

Many are familiar with ticker-tape timer.  The tape is attached to Car B. As Car B moves to the left, it pulls the tape with it. The tape will go through the ticker-tape timer machine. The machine is stationary and it just punches holes on the tape as the tape is pulled to the left.  It is clear that Car A is accelerating as the distance interval of the holes is getting wider.

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For Car B, the scenario is different. Oil is leaking from the car onto the road at fixed interval or frequency. Hence Car B is decelerating as the distance interval of oil drops becomes smaller.

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Therefore, be careful with the two scenarios and do not be confused.