Evan's Space

Wonders of Physics


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Will the whole lake be frozen during winter? At what temperature is water at its max density?

water heaviest at 4oC smallDuring summer, though the surrounding is hot, the water in the lake will not reach very high temperature mainly due to its high specific heat capacity. In general, cool water sinks as it is denser and warm water rises as it is less dense, the bottom of the lake will always be lower temperature compared to near the surface. The bottom of the lake may not necessary be 4 degree Celsius.


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Density (Units Conversion) and Floatation

Density is the mass per unit volume.

Common units for density are g/cm3 or kg/m3. SI unit is kg/m3.

Density of a pure substance is fixed, regardless of it’s size!

density

Floating and Sinking

A denser (heavier) substance will sink in liquid which is less denser (lighter).
A less dense substance will float in a liquid which is denser.
If substance has the same density as the liquid, it will be suspended in the liquid.

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