Answer: Option A
Of course if a heavy ball is suspended from the car we all know the ball will move in opposite direction of a decelerating car due to inertia. We are all familiar to this where inertia is applied to a body which is denser than the surrounding medium (air or liquid) which is less dense. That’s why this balloon’s behaviour surprises us!
Let’s assume the water molecules are initially moving at constant speed with the tank before the deceleration. Due to inertia, when the tank decelerates, the water molecules continue its state of motion forward. Hence the water molecules gush to the right side of the tank, displacing (pushing) the balloon to the left. Hence the balloon moves to the left!
Refer to this Youtube video by Smarter Everyday and you can see the similar experiment of helium balloon (less denser) in the air (denser) of a car.
During summer, though the surrounding is hot, the water in the lake will not reach very high temperature mainly due to its high specific heat capacity. In general, cool water sinks as it is denser and warm water rises as it is less dense, the bottom of the lake will always be lower temperature compared to near the surface. The bottom of the lake may not necessary be 4 degree Celsius.