An apartment block receives water from a nearby reservoir. A pump is necessary to lift the water into a storage tank at the top of the building.
The gravitational field strength is 10 N / kg. How much energy does the pump supply to lift each kilogram of water into the tank?
Water will always find its own level. Hence with or without the pump, the water level in the pipe in the building will be of the same level as the reservoir. Hence, the pump is only needed to pump water up a height of 10m only (instead of the 50m).
Energy, E = mgh = 1 kg x 10 N/kg x 10m = 100 J