Evan's Space

Wonders of Physics

Vertical Resultant Force of ball rolling off platform

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A ball of mass 5 kg rolls along a smooth horizontal surface until it falls off the edge at time = 3s and touches the lower surface at t = 5s. Sketch the graph which represents how the resultant vertical force F acting on the ball varies with time as the ball moves from A to B.

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The question only ask for vertical resultant force, hence there is no need to consider the horizontal forces. Anyway the ball is moving horizontally at constant speed, hence no acceleration, forces are balanced. It will move at constant speed (Newton’s 1st law) When the ball is rolling on the upper/lower platform, the weight is equal to the normal force acting on the ball by the platform, hence net force is 0N.

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