Evan's Space

Wonders of Physics

Work Done, Energy and Power are Scalar Quantities


Work Done, Kinetic Energy (KE), Gravitational Potential Energy (GPE) and Power are all SCALAR quantities.

Many have asked if Work Done is scalar or vector? Though from our textbook, Work Done = Force x distance in the direction of the force.

In other words, Work Done = Force x Displacement

We already know that Force is a vector. Weight being a force, is also a vector quantity. Displacement is distance in a specific direction, hence it is a vector quantity too. In tertiary education, you will learn in details that the product (multiplication) of two vectors will result in a scalar or dot product.

Since it is out of syllabus, it will be good to use other ways to help you to understand and recall.

Method 1 Remember vector x vector will end up a scalar. Similar to (-)x(-) = (+) Method 2 Consider moving a box up to a certain height, work done or gain in GPE is constant regardless of the path it takes (diagonal or vertical). Hence direction is not important, therefore GPE  is a scalar.


When considering KE, since KE = 1/2mv2 , similar to Method 1, v2 is actually velocity x velocity. Hence it product of 2 vectors, resulting in KE being a scalar.

Power = Energy Conversion/ time    or     Work Done / time,
since energy, work done and time are scalar, Power is a scalar quantity.

Other important note: Power = Rate of work done = Rate of energy conversion.

3 thoughts on “Work Done, Energy and Power are Scalar Quantities

  1. what do we mean by 4D quantity?
    I have searched but I am not clear if energy is scalar or vector.so pls would you solve my doubt.
    thanks for giving your valuable time.
    Manish prasad
    Delhi public school harni

    • Hi manish! Energy is scalar. So kinetic energy, gravitational potential energy and work done are considered scalar quantities. Thank you

    • Energy is a scalar quantity.Now you were asked to fetch water nobody wants to know the direction of the water flowing from the tap. All they want is the water you fetch .

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